Humanities Annotated Bibliography Assignment

Humanities Annotated Bibliography Assignment
Jaime White
Professor Beata Peterson
English 112
July 8, 2021
“Sonny’s Blues”: Humanities Annotated Bibliography
Ball, Philip. The Music Instinct: How Music Works and Why We Can’t Do without It. Vintage Books, 2011.
Philip Ball a science writer for the last 20 years has many awards and accolades for his many works. He holds a degree in chemistry from Oxford and a doctorate in physics from Bristol University. “The Music Instinct” and provides insight into how music entices us with emotional responses and is seen as universal. Every culture has its form of music that they can rejoice in and connect with. Many cultures also connect dance with their music that often has cultural meaning and a connection to people, religion, and a spiritual connection. The article touches on a deep topic in “Sonny’s Blues” about music and how much Sonny enjoyed the music. Music was the center of his world, and eventually, his brother was able to see why. Music was motivation for Sonny and can be seen as something that kept him motivated about life.
Knight, Tom. How a Jail Transformed a Traditional Sheriff’s Perspective. American Jails.
May/Jun2021, Vol. 35 Issue 2, p15-18. 3p.
Tom Knight has served 33 years in law enforcement, with 12 of those years as a Sarasota County cop and he witnessed first hand the increase in drug abuse over those many years and early in his career it was just about making the arrest and trying to put drug dealers out of business, but he soon realized that was not going to happen. He developed relationships with drug addicts that were arrested several times and began to better understand the issue. He has since retired from law enforcement but that motivated him to launch a program that helps those incarcerated deal with their addiction problems, which was at the center of why they returned to jail many times. Drug addiction on the streets helped him change his mind set about addicts and recognizing they needed more than just being arrested. In “Sonny’s Blues,” drug addiction played a significant role in the incarceration of Sonny, and this piece provides insight into what should be done to help those addicted to drugs.
Kaelen, Mendel. The Psychological and Human Brain Effects of Music in Combination with
Psychedelic Drugs. Jan. 2017. EBSCOhost, doi:10.25560/55900.
Mendel Kaelen works with the psychedelic research group in the department of medicine, a neuroscientist researching the role music plays in determining drug experiences and related therapy outcomes. The study has shown that music and drug therapy showed increased activation in the inferior frontal gyrus. The precuneus to the timbre features in the music was associated with increased music-evoked emotions of wonder (Kaelen 4). The study is related to the short story “Sonny’s Blues” because of the role that music played in the life of Sonny and how drug addiction and musicians were closely related in the story.
Holzer, Harry, et al. “The Economic Costs of Poverty in the United States: Subsequent Effects of Children Growing Up Poor.” Https://, Apr. 2007.
Harry Holzer is a professor at Georgetown University in the study of public policy. He also worked as a Chief Economist for the U.S. Department of Labor. As a professor at Georgetown University, he has participated in Research on Poverty and Inequality and is considered an expert on the low-wage labor market. Diane Schanzenbach is a Professor at Northwestern Institute for Policy Research an economist, and she has researched how policies help alleviate child poverty. Greg Duncan is a Professor in the Department of Education at the University of California and has also participated in extensive research on how children’s early behaviors are related to their later outcomes. Lastly, Jens Ludwig is director of Chicago’s Crime Lab and co-director at the National Bureau of Economic Research, specializing in the economics of crime. He specializes in urban Poverty and has done several studies on early childhood intervention related to the role of social conditions that affect a child’s education. Together the above authors created a task force on Poverty and the study examined the average statistical relationships between children growing up in Poverty and their earnings, propensity to commit a crime, and quality of health later in life (Holzer 2)—looking at poverties economic effects and child progression when it comes to education and quality of life. Sonny and his family grew up in Poverty and may have played a role in his substance abuse that eventually led him to jail.
McHale, Susan M, et al. “Sibling Relationships and Influences in Childhood and Adolescence.” Journal of Marriage and the Family, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1 Oct. 2012,
Susan McHale is a professor of Human Development and works as the director at Social Science Research Institute and has co-published many journals on the subject. She is considered and expert on family relationships and the roles of children within the family. Dr. Kimberly Updegraff is a professor at Arizona State University with a Ph.D in Human Development and Family Studies and she has done extensive research in the field. Dr. Shawn Whiteman is a professor and associate dean for research at Utah State University and his studies have focused on Human Development and Family Studies. The journals main focus is on sibling relationships when they are young children through adolescences. Examining how they influence each other and the role an older sibling can play with his/her younger sibling. In “Sonny’s Blue’s” the narrator and played a big role in how Sonny looked at him and how he wanted to please his older brother.

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